MODEL OF INVENTORIES
1. USE OF COMPUTERS
With the extraordinary advance of technology and of computers, which have developed specific models of handling of inventories and the accumulation of statistics for great information-storage capacity, variable make key in the utilization of experiences. It is very important for the great counseling facility, to use every means possible for the display of information (visual display screen, diskette, CD, printed matter), in addition, to offer exactness and promptness, basic elements.
The companies utilize software for inventory control. This begins with a physical count of units and his record in the software, feeding it with data like:
- Purchase price for article (code)
- Sales price for article (code)
- Percentage that is paid in taxes
To measure than he does a sale, from the box properly connected to a terminal, he gets registered for the computer and immediately makes the discharge of the goods.
The advantages that offer this software are:
a. It permits an immediate knowledge and update of the inventory at any time.
b. Reduce considerably the costs of the handling of the inventory.
c. When the sale comes true not only has he done the discharge in the inventory but also in bookkeeping doing it more agile and efficient.
d. It establishes very important statistics for the overtaking for example, the average of the shopping that they vary the purchase prices, etc, the average price, and the percentage.
e. The experience using these systems permits creating statistics that inform on the periods that are bigger inventory, the goods more sales in different epochs, than tendency have the pricing in determined periods and epochs of the scarcity of certain products, etc.f. It permits creating standards of minimum inventory and peak out of every product in particular and an average inventory that it should be had in an epoch or determined period. This software, as maintains always updated the inventory, has a very important option if a minimal level out of every one of products has been fixed; the moment that it takes place to the minimum inventory of an article immediately orders a buy.
Regarding the advantages, the software can offer the exact and immediate information, so you can take action faster. Let's remember, when the company has information, better is the competitive advantage regarding them besides companies. For example, when they fix standards remaining of given products can be foreseen ahead of time, or also the stagnation of certain goods in a period, making easy the decisions.
Also the information takes advantage of databases that the software for Knowledge throws, as periods for shopping, are better, determining the level of optimal inventory, among others.
2. INVENTORIES, A DYNAMIC MODEL (josavere)
A model tries to find that I allow to us the request (or production, as the case may be) without falling in excesses but without losing sales or giving up producing for lack of finished product or of available raw materials.
Utilizing excel we can do a simple and easy program to apply that we described using some input and combining with some formulas that indicate step by step.
a. A database with all of the goods that fix the portfolio is prepared, registering the consumption of three last months (month to month).
c. Calculates him the average daily consumed in the last ones three months dividing the consumption of the trimester for the number of working days (G = E / # of working days).
d. He shares the total of the consumption of three months (column E) of every article, among the grand total of inventory to estimate the percentage participation of every item around consumption (F = E1 / E20).
e. Orders him the column principle's F to minor (looking for the Pareto principle).
f. They insert themselves like input, or input data, the numbers of existence, according to physical inventory at the final of the trimester (column H).
g. Dividing the column the H for F (consume per day) calculates dais's number which we have supplied for itself (J = H / G).
h. In the column K, registered input data the number of days that we needed to be replenished by the supplier, addend amount that we having like buffer stock for any eventuality (Lead time).
j. In the same way, utilizing conditional format, we compared J (days which we have supplied for), with participation in consumption (column F). If the participation of consumption is superior to participation in supplies also we marked with red.
k. We took care of initially the goods that search two reds (critical zone) and we went on with the ones that registered one to make a decision, backing them up in the information of the model.
l. One proceeds for the month following inserting the data of the latter month and omitting the first month, thus:
And so on like he can see oneself in the example:
Equally important he is to employ us of the goods that they find themselves stored in shelves and do not register movement with a good opinion, we can establish suchlike reports:
The previous model must be interpreted as a guide or auxiliary mathematics, in order to make the overtaking of decisions; it is essential for the executive's good opinion.