QUALITY OF LIFE COUNTRY
1. A ATTEMPT OF MEASUREMENT
Unprepared readers and the people than for some motive require to evaluate a country they find the great quantity of dispersed statistics, depending on the sources that consult, which as he makes the possibility to emit a judgment difficult.
To the extent of what possible, I will try to establish a pattern of measure that permits comparing us quantitatively the standard of living of the population in general, for the distinct countries of the world in order to establish useful comparisons and goals to surpass - because the model is arguable -.
2. VARIABLES TO USE1
Within the range of indicators that turn up to us we found like the more universal and feasible to compare the following:
A. CALORIES / DAY / INHABITANT: indicate the number of calories that the inhabitants of the country consume an average. It is an utmost representative indicator insofar as he answers to the more elementary one belonging to human needs. According to experts’ concept in the theme, the human beings needed around 2,500 calories day. The excess is worrying because he generates various types of diseases; the deficit generates malnutrition. The maximum score is granted to this number of calories.
B. INFANTILE MORTALITY: the children represent the bigger expression of love, so that it is easy to deduct the importance of his care and the level of effort for his growth and development. The relation with the level of quality of life is inversely proportional; he values to principal of infantile mortality, younger score.
C. PER-CAPITA INCOME: measure the average level of entrance per capita at a country. Money is extremely important like means to satisfy human basic needs, a prerequisite to survive, and to raise moral standard humans to the superior level (social and spiritual). His behavior is directly proportional to the same level as quality of life.
D. LEVEL OF ILLITERACY: the base for nutrition and human beings’ development constitutes the entrance. The education follows in the importance of the quality of life for the better, dialing difference with animals. The intelligence develops through the personal growth and establishes ranges among ones and others. He is inversely proportional at the same level as life.
E. VALUES OF UNEMPLOYMENT: it tries on like the inverse acquaintance the index of job; The work, from the point of view of being, constitutes every person's right and it is to owe of all of the governments to propitiate the environment to generate it and to protect it. The lack of job is converted in her but fruitful payment to all manner of delinquency and cause of frustration. An obstacle is for the well-being of the townspeople for the development of a country and. To bigger index of unemployment, younger quality of life.
F. LIFE EXPECTANCY: educated once the man was employed he has means stop to be furthered a sound and happy life that he permit extending his existence in shape worthy. To bigger life expectancy, but quality.
G. PERCEPTION OF CORRUPTION: the ranges himself with base in studies accomplished by INTERNATIONAL TRANSPARENCY that they get into print periodically. The corruption, in the development of a country, amounts to AIDS in people's health and it generates her but the bad is missing of social justice and great generator of violence. His relation is inverse with the level of quality of life.
H. INDEX OF PRODUCTIVITY: represents the relationship among the number of manufactured goods and services and the utilized resources. This index combines qualitative and quantitative aspects like value hour, applied technology, technical education, environmental conditions, etc. His relation is directly proportional to the same level as quality of life.
I. COUNTRY RISK: measured by variable international agencies considering like: level of security, economic handling, enterprise panorama, political situation, labor relations, treatment to the foreign investment among others. It is an indicator very used by the investors and its relation is inverse with the quality level of life.
J. CONNECTIONS TO INTERNET / INHABITANT: is an indicator of vital importance in the world modern, because he gives an idea of the grade of culture, facilities of communication, expectations of business, grade of technological development, facilities of investment, level of knowledge and information among others. His relation is directly proportional to the same level as the development of a country.
1. Other variables could also be used such as country social spending (% of the total that a country spends on health, education, pensions, and subsidies for the poorest). Population: growth rate, density; sustainability, such as deforestation, pollution, trends in the use of "clean" energy as% of energy from hydroelectric vs. thermoelectric with diesel). Something about women (gender violence, or female schooling, because in Africa there are still countries where women do not go to school, or only to primary school). Energy consumption KW per inhabitant, cost of energy KW vs income per capita. Criminality: Homicides per 100,000 inhabitants. Weekly hours of work, child labor, to the extent that information is available
a. We took the ten variable chosen and concerting with seven experts's minimum in distinct areas of knowledge we entered to do a percentage distribution that he indicate the relative importance out of every variable (each examiner in shape independent distributes the 100 % of the whole, in ten variables).
b. Straightaway we entered to appraise statistically choosing the variable best-suited for each one their (arithmetical, measured average, sock, fashion or median).
c. We formed the womb with chosen countries and moral values out of every an one belonging to variables.
d. We distributed proportionally, the spotted number out of every variable according to the range of variation (maximum index and minimum).
e. We proceed to adding up each country's points and to order them to arrange for the scale, which can structure itself worldwide.
Level individual or guild businessmen preselect the countries that they want to qualify with the object of taking decisions as concerns the globalization of economy and enter to arrange for the indicated quantification in order that his decision is made easy.
Example: Developed for EAFIT's students of financial planning in August 2002. Of click in the following graphic and the country EXPECT ONE's SECONDS agree to the application of quality of life.
Information taken from:
World-wide almanac 2000
1. Calories/Day/Inhabitant. Daily average of calories per capita (kilocalorias) 1992-1994. World Resource Institute 1999, pp 288 - 9.
2. Infantile loss of life. Number of Infants by 1.000 births.
3. Per-cápita entrance. GDP per capita data source: 1999 company World Factbook.
4. Level of alfabetismo. World Health Organization, Report 1999, p 84 - 87.
5. Level of use. Data source: 1999 company World Factbook.
6. Life expectancy. Total number of years.
7. Level of corruption. Annual index of perception of corruption, Transparency the International. Year 2001. Global report of corruption. Index CPI (Corruption perceptions index) has a rank between 10 (highly clean) and 0 (highly corrupt).
8. Index of productivity. Ranking ace of April 2001. Source: IMD the International.
9. Risk country. Composite risk rating june 1999. Index between 10 (without risks) and 0 (risky).
10. Connections to Internet/inhabitant. Year 2000.