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Chapter 4

FINANCIAL LEVERAGE

 

by josavere

INTRODUCTION

The best operative result and of better leverage in relation to the worse alternative (superior to reviewed balance point), constitutes the starting point to calculate the financial leverage; remember   that   the operative leverage does relation to the operation of the business (production and sales) and that in the measurement that a good expectation presents encourages to look for the appropriate financing to maximize the final result, which is obtained in the measurement that the company   generates value, with reflection in the value of market of the share.

1.  THE COST OF THE CAPITAL

Knowing the amount of deductible interests, we get to calculate the net profit of each alternative and soon we divided by the amount of shares of each of them.
For calculate the profit per common share, the best alternative is the one that allows obtaining the greater volume of profit per share. The difference between the maximum and the minimum profit per share will give the degree of calculated financial leverage according to the following formula:

MATRICES
MATRIX 1


Quantity

Capital Cost

Percentage

C.C. Weighed

Shares 3000 at $1000

4,000,000.00

0.329

0.16

5.27

Retained profit

2,000,000.00

0.298

0.08

2.39

Suppliers

7,000,000.00

0.601

0.28

16.83

Rendered to short t.

8,000,000.00

0.345

0.32

11.04

Rendered to long t.

1,000,000.00

0.268

0.04

1.07

Labor liabilities

2,000,000.00

0.127

0.08

1.01

Bonuses

1,000,000.00

0.268

0.04

1.07

 

25,000,000.00

 

1.00

38.68

Amount of shares

 

3,000.00

 

 

Interest

 

3,549,244.24

 

 

MATRIX 2


Quantity

Capital Cost

Percentage

C.C. Weighed

Shares 4000 at $1000

4,000,000.00

0.329

0.16

5.27

Retained profit

2,000,000.00

0.298

0.08

2.39

Suppliers

5,000,000.00

0.601

0.28

12.02

Rendered to short t.

5,000,000.00

0.345

0.20

6.90

Rendered to long t.

3,000,000.00

0.268

0.12

3.22

Labor liabilities

2,000,000.00

0.127

0.08

1.01

Bonuses

4,000,000.00

0.268

0.16

4.29

 

25,000,000.00

 

1.00

35.10

Amount of shares

 

4,000.00

 

 

Interest

 

3,855,786.74

 

 

MATRIX 3


Quantity

Capital Cost

Percentage

C.C. Weighed

Shares 5000 at $1000

5,000,000.00

0.329

0.20

6.58

Retained profit

2,000,000.00

0.298

0.08

2.39

Suppliers

2,000,000.00

0.601

0.08

4.81

Rendered to short t.

4,000,000.00

0.345

0.16

5.52

Rendered to long t.

6,000,000.00

0.268

0.24

6.44

Labor liabilities

2,000,000.00

0.127

0.08

1.01

Bonuses

4,000,000.00

0.268

0.16

4.29

 

25,000,000.00

 

1.00

31.04

Amount of shares

 

5,000.00

 

 

Interest

 

4,315,623.30

 

 

MATRIX 4


Quantity

Capital Cost

Percentage

C.C. Weighed

Shares 5000 at $1000

5,000,000.00

0.329

0.20

6.58

Retained profit

2,000,000.00

0.298

0.08

2.39

Suppliers

-

0.601

-

0.00

Rendered to short t.

2,000,000.00

0.345

0.08

2.76

Rendered to long t.

9,000,000.00

0.268

0.36

9.66

Labor liabilities

2,000,000.00

0.127

0.08

1.01

Bonuses

5,000,000.00

0.268

0.20

5.36

 

25,000,000.00

 

1.00

27.77

Amount of shares

 

5,000.00

 

 

Interest

 

4,698,812.83

 

 

2. PLANNING OF THE RESULT STATEMENTS


MATRIX 1

MATRIX 2

MATRIX 3

MATRIX 4

UAII

6,475,395.00

6,475,395.00

6,475,395.00

6,475,395.00

(Interest)

 

 

 

 

Payment of:

 

 

 

 

Loans to short t.

2,759,110.59

1,724,444.12

1,379,555.30

689,777.65

Loans to long t.

268,241.79

804,725.38

1,609,450.77

2,414,176.15

Labor Liabilities

253,650.06

253,650.06

253,650.06

253,650.06

Bonuses

268,241.79

1,072,967.18

1,072,967.18

1,341,208.97

Total interest

3,549,244.24

3,855,786.74

4,315,623.30

4,698,812.83

UAI

2,926,150.76

2,619,608.26

2,159,771.70

1,776,582.17

(Taxes 35%)

1,024,152.76

916,862.89

755,920.09

621,803.76

Net profit

1,901,997.99

1,702,745.37

1,403,851.60

1,154,778.41

Amount of shares

4,000.00

4,000.00

6,000.00

7,000.00

Profit per share

475.50

425.69

233.98

164.97

4. APPRAISAL OF THE FINANCIAL LEVERAGE

 

In order to obtain the Financial Leverage we took the best profit per share and we compared it with the lowest.


ANALYSIS

The matrix four has a greater payment of interests which brings a greater level of financial risk, because exists the possibility of failing the obligations problem

The financial leverage gives a good idea of the beneficial thing that could be an increase in the dangerous net profit or that could be a decrease, giving an approximated measurement of the financial risk which a certain level of indebtedness the company incurs. While the greater the level of indebtedness the financial risk.

 

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