16. Have fun with tangos and boleros

Chapter 16


by: Josavere

The tango began with the lower urban classes in the late 1800s on the banks of the Río de la Plata in the cities of Buenos Aires and Montevideo by fusion of Argentine and Uruguayan styles that were really a mixture of local indigenous and Spanish music; They joined a wide range of influences such as the African candombe and the Spanish-Cuban habanera to the European waltz, the polka, the chotis, the mazurka and flamenco, opening the way to two new musical genres: the milonga and the tango.

In this region, where European emigrants, descendants of African slaves and Creole peoples mix, an amalgamation of customs, beliefs and rites was produced that became a specific cultural identity or idiosyncrasy.

Music and dance began to take shape in the streets and in conventillos, where many people lived together in neighborhoods with common areas that facilitated socialization. At first, this sensual dance was famous in brothels and was danced between two men; he had a very bad reputation and was despised by the higher classes.

At this time, the most usual tango group was guitar, violin and flute, which later disappeared and the piano and later the bandoneon were integrated, to form the so-called "typical tango orchestra".

Carlos Gardel's first appearance was as a tango singer in 1917, performing Mi Noche Triste; he is known for inventing the tango song and his famous voice played a very important role in popularizing tango.

  • In 1924, the violinist, conductor and composer Julio de Caro (1899-1980) formed his sextet and marked the beginning of the so-called "New Guard of tango". The proliferation of orchestras began, among which the following stood out:

Francisco Canaro, he was born in San José de Mayo, Uruguay, on November 26, 1888. He was a great composer of tangos, violinist and conductor. In addition, he pioneered jazz together with René Cóspito and Eleuterio Yribarren in the mid-1920s. His singers Carlos Gardel, Ernesto Famá, Ernesto Herrera, Eduardo Adrián, Carlos Roldán, Guillermo Coral, Alberto Arenas, Nelly Omar, Ada Falcon, Enrique Lucero, Mario Alonso and Francisco Amor.



Juan D´Arienzo, (born and died in Buenos Aires, December 14, 1900 and January 14, 1976) was an Argentine tango musician and conductor, known as "El rey del compás".with his singers: Carlos Dante, Francisco Fiorentino, Jorge Valdez, Alberto Echagüe, Oswaldo Ramos, Armando Laborde, Walter Cabral, Enrique Carbel, Alberto Reynal, Carlos Casares, Héctor Mauré.


  • Aníbal Troilo: Roberto Rufino, Roberto Goyeneche, Elba Berón, Tito Reyes, Nelly Vázquez, Francisco Fiorentino, Alberto Marino, Angel Manzi.



Carlos Di Sarli: un talentoso ejecutante de piano. Desde su instrumento dirigía la orquesta dominando la sincronía y la ejecución del conjunto. En el estilo de Di Sarli no había solos de instrumentos; la fila de bandoneones cantaba por momentos la melodía, con un papel esencialmente rítmico y milonguero. Albero Podestá, Ernesto Famá, Roberto Rufino, Fernando Díaz, Antonio Rodríguez, Roberto Arrieta, Ignacio Murillo, Carlos Acuña, Santiago Devin, Jorge Durán, Roberto Florio, Oscar Serpa, Argentino Ledesma.



Oswaldo Pugliese: recognized as one of the great Argentine musicians who revolutionized the interpretation of tango on the piano, and committed to the work of musicians, performers, composers, and their rights and obligations as artists. Cantores:Roberto Beltrán, Roberto Chanel, Alberto Morán, Jorge Vidal, Jorge Maciel, Miguel Montero, Alfredo Belusi, Adrián Guida and Abel Córdoba.


Miguel Caló: (Buenos Aires, October 28, 1907 - May 24, 1972) was an Argentine conductor, composer and bandoneon player. Singers: Raúl Berón, Jorge Ortiz, Raúl Iriarte, Alberto Morel, Rodolfo Biagi and his brother, Roberto Caló.


Lucio De Mare (Buenos Aires, August 9, 1906 and March 6, 1974), was a tango composer, musician, orchestra director and film scorer. Singers: Arturo Gallucci, Enrique Dizeo, Lucio Demare, Raul Berón, Homero Manzi, Pierini, Lambertucci, Sebastian Piana, J.M. Contursi, Carlos Vivan, Horacio Sanguinetti, Tito Ribero, Carlos Wais, Alfredo Malerba, J. Guichandut, Oscar Rubens, Oscar Arona, Hnos Abalos, Horacio Salgan, Pedro Valdez, Raul Iglesias, Juan Gatti, Arturo Gallucci, Luis Caruso, Mario Canaro, F.Garcia Jimenez, Carlos Vivan.


Pedro Laurenz: (Buenos Aires, October 10, 1902 and July 7, 1972) was an outstanding Argentine tango bandoneonist, director and composer. He was a member of the famous Julio de Caro sextet and the first formation of the Quinteto Real (Láurenz-Salgán-De Lío-Francini-Ferro), formed in 1959.Singers: Alberto Podestá, Juan Carlos Casas, Alberto Del Campo, Héctor Farrel, Martín Podestá, Jorge Linares, Carlos Bermúdez.


ANGEL D'Agostino (Buenos Aires, 25 de mayo de 1900 y   16 de enero de 1991) fue un pianista y compositor de tango argentino. Singers: Angel Vargas,Ruben Cané, Tino Garcia, Roberto Alvar.



Ricardo Tanturi (Buenos Aires Argentina, 27 de enero de 1905 ; 24 de enero de 1973) fue un pianista, director de orquesta y compositor dedicado al género del tango. Singers: Alberto Castillo and Enrique Campos, Elsa Rivas



Rodolfo Biaggi (Buenos Aires, March 14, 1906; September 24, 1969) was an Argentine conductor, composer and pianist whose nickname was "manos witches" and who is considered an important figure linked to tango music by Juan D'Arienzo. In 1938 he founded his own typical orchestra. Singers: Jorge Ortiz, Andrés Falgaz, Teófilo Ibañez, Alberto Amor, Carlos Acuña, Alberto Lago, Carlos Saavedra, Hugo Duval.


Enrique Rodríguez (Argentina, March 8, 1901 – idem, September 4, 1971) whose full name was Aquilino Enrique Rodríguez Ruiz and who used the pseudonym Luis María Meca, was a bandoneonist, director and composer. Singers: Armando Moreno, Roberto Flórez, Oscar Galán, Omar Quiroz, Roberto Videla, Ricardo Herrera,



Horacio Adolfo Salgán (Buenos Aires, June 15, 1916 - ibídem, August 19, 2016) was an Argentine pianist, composer and conductor, considered one of the greatest references of tango and one of the initiators of the so-called "tango of Vanguard". Singers: Roberto Goyeneche, Horacio Deval, Angel Diaz, Edmundo RiveroRoberto Goyeneche, Horacio Deval, Angel Diaz, Edmundo Rivero



Alfredo De Angelis (2 de noviembre de 1912 - 31 de marzo de 1992) fue un músico de tango, que se destacó como director de orquesta y pianista, y  compositor. Muy representativo del período conocido como la edad de oro. Cantores: Carlos Da Carlos Dante, Oscar Larroca, Julio Martel, Juan Carlos Godoy, Floreal Ruiz, Roberto Mancini, Lalo Martel, Roberto Flórez


Alfredo Gobbi: (Paris, May 14, 1912-Buenos Aires, Argentina, May 21, 1965), full name Alfredo Julio Floro Gobbi, was called “the romantic violin of tango”. He was a violinist, pianist, conductor and tango composer. His singers: Jorge Maciel, Tito Landó, Carlos Almada, Alfredo Eusebio Gobbi, Angel Díaz, Flora de Gobbi, Carlos Yanel, Carlos Almado. Jorge Maciel, Tito Landó, Alfredo Eusebio Gobbi, Angel Díaz, Flora de Gobbi, Carlos Yanel.


Gardel became a soloist in 1925 and became an international star until his tragic death in Medellín (1935). Everything changed when he traveled to Europe where he popularized tango after the first world war, especially for the Parisian culture and the bourgeoisie that were exalted by the upper classes in Buenos Aires. Tango began to be seen in a different way and was embraced by the population in general and went from the brothels to the great halls of the time called The Golden Age when Peronism began in 1940.

Between the 60s and 70s, when rock music arrived, tango ceased to be the focus of attention until the composer and accordionist Astor Piazzolla reinvented the genre, creating the new tango, influenced by jazz and other styles. Many purists criticized him saying that he had killed tango; he today he is recognized as one of the most famous characters of the 20th century.


Tangos sung by women:



1)   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vNSISPTNVV0

2)   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F18O8is5BJA

3)   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FuIwSgcDAsM

4)   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j8IgasPhfuo

5)   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1_-x95Q9JFo

 LUNFARDO:  https://fattiditango.files.wordpress.com/2007/05/diccionario-del-lunfardo-jerga-del-espanol-de-buenos-aires-vocabulario-tango.pdf


The bolero is a slow-tempo musical genre that emerged in Cuba in the mid-19th century. Despite its European roots, it is Latino by definition, and although it is most frequently located in the Caribbean, it is a collective heritage of all of Latin America.

In its first stage, its songs were performed in peñas and bars, although it later established itself in its romantic style and became very popular as music for the development of serenades.

The countries of the Caribbean Sea catapulted the invention that Cuba gave them between the 1920s and 1930s, which facilitated the fusion and enhancement of the bolero with other musical genres, resulting in the subgenres that the historian César Pagano classifies as follows: Bolero song, son (danceable), danzón, rhythmic (to dance fine and rhythmic), charanga, mambo, cha, ballad, guaguanco, Brazilian, tango, apasillado, bachata, salsero, jazz, ranchero (mix bolero and Mexican mariachi) and the Moorish (bolero with gypsy and Hispanic mixes.

CUBA with great bolero players such as Beny Moré, Tito Gómez, Vicentico Valdez, Orlando Contreras, Miguelito Valdez, Antonio Machín, Rolando Laserie, Roberto Fax, Orlando Vallejo, Panchito Rize and a large number of composers was the pioneer and decidedly promoted it .

CUBA: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xq24QIEkg5c


MEXICO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ULHnCIyUYc


PUERTO RICO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MTbU1qz9nss


VENEZUELA: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hhQmaHyp3TQ


COLOMBIA: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8cyWLym7MwM



PERU: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LTVqHYrJKs0&t=1799s


ARGENTINA: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IaFaeGzcL_g


CHILE: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gHso1QGNpao&list=PLKsgFjlwNDjT261msewW9wcAHVyfKJm6W















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